Car Accident Brain Injury : Post-Concussion Syndrome & mTBI
Treatment for Car Accident Brain Injury:
Suffering from Concussion symptoms, Whiplash, or Neck Pain?
- Head Injuries from Motor Vehicle Accidents
- Get real treatment results for brain injuries and neurological disorders
Injured in a Car Accident: Post-Concussion Syndrome & mTBI
A traumatic brain injury often occurs due to the sudden acceleration then deceleration of soft brain tissue within a hard skull. A whiplash injury from a car accident not only cause severe neck pain but it is most often causes injury to your brain as well. A rotational force makes matters far worse as it rapidly twists the brain. This commonly occurs in a rear-end car crash when the driver’s head is turned left or right. Motor vehicle injuries tend to cause focal contusions or bruising of brain tissue with associated nerve damage and disruption of neuron connections throughout the brain.
A concussion leads to damaged brain function and alteration is mental processes due to biomechnical sheering forces exerted on the brain which moves fluidly within the skull. A concussion may or may not cause loss of consciousness. In motor vehicle accidents, concussion can occur without an actual blow to the head. Instead, concussion occurs when the vehicle starts or stops suddenly. Fewer than 10 percent of concussions result in a loss of consciousness. Axonal degeneration from shearing forces is the primary pathological feature of traumatic brain injury.
The literature indicates that it is common for symptoms from auto accident injuries to emerge slowly over a long period of time. Often times you cannot tell the extent of the damage caused to your brain until several weeks after the initial car crash. For this reason many insurance companies attempt to settle cases quickly, before you have had time to realize how bad your injuries really are. It is always in your best interest to receive a comprehensive neurological evaluation after an auto accident if you suspect you may have suffered a concussion.
- Head trauma and the resulting brain injuries are one of the leading causes of death and disability in the industrialized world.
- In the United States, more than 50,000 people die every year as a result of traumatic brain injury.
- It is estimated that a head injury occurs every seven seconds, and hospital emergency rooms treat 1 million people for brain injuries every year.
- Currently about 5.3 million Americans live with disabilities resulting from brain injuries.
Traumatic brain injury may occur at any age, but the peak incidence is among people between the ages of 15 and 24. Men are affected three to four times more often than women. Motor vehicle accidents are the leading cause, accounting for approximately 50 percent of all cases. Falls produce the most brain injuries in people older than 60 and younger than 5. Other causes include violent assault and firearms misuse. It has been estimated that after one brain injury, the risk of a second injury is three times greater, and that after a second injury, the risk of a third is eight times greater.
Injuries to the brain are classified according to the degree of tissue damage that they cause. It is important to remember that the different types of brain injuries are part of a spectrum. There may not be a clear distinction in every case, and one person may suffer multiple types of injuries.
Car Accident Brain Injury Spectrum
Concussion. A concussion is a temporary and fully reversible loss of brain function caused by direct injury to the brain. It is the mildest form of brain injury, usually resulting from minor trauma to the head. In concussions, it is not possible to identify any structural damage to the brain tissue. The damage that occurs is a functional loss that is only seen on scans that measure the frequency of neuron activation and blood supply to individual brain areas.
Contusion. Contusions are localized areas of “bruising” of the brain tissue. They consist of areas of swollen brain and blood that has leaked out of small arteries, veins, or capillaries. Contusions caused by a coup mechanism occurs on the brain structures underlying the site of impact on the skull. They may also, in the same incident, occur on the side directly opposite the impact because the brain may rock away from the blow and strike the inside of the skull which is called the contercoup mechanism.
Diffuse axonal injury. Diffuse axonal injury (DAI) refers to impaired function and eventual loss of axons (the long extensions of nerve cells, which enable them to communicate with one another). It is caused by the acceleration, deceleration, and rotation of the head during trauma, as in a car crash, probably the most frequent cause of this type of injury. These forces can stretch and shear axons. DAI is a microscopic injury that does not show up on a CT scan. Therefore, diagnosing DAI depends on physicians’ observations. Individuals with this sort of injury are usually unconscious for longer than six hours and, depending on the degree and location of axonal injury, may remain this way for days or weeks. DAI may be mild and reversible or, if extensive, may lead to severe brain damage.